A practical approach to Evidence-based Dentistry?
Dental practitioners spend most of their time diagnosing oral diseases, and providing the required treatments. To ensure that the best available evidence informs their clinical decisions, they need to be skilled in critically appraising new information. This workshop is designed to assist educators and clinicians to understand and critically appraise dental literature. It aims to provide an overview of the basic concepts of evidence-based dentistry and guidelines that participants can apply most effectively for clinical decision-making. Through several relevant examples, the participants would learn that the critical appraisal of individual primary studies has three main domains: risk of bias assessment (validity), to explore whether the study was designed and conducted in a manner in which potential biases were minimized; importance of results (reliability), an interpretation of the results of the study in terms of direction, magnitude and precision; and applicability to practice, contextualizes the available evidence to determine implications for clinical practice.
At the conclusion, participants should be able to:
- Describe the importance of critical appraisal skills in order to fully understand the literature they are reading, and to remain current through self-directed learning.
- Utilize critical appraisal guidelines to decide what type of studies to search for a clinical encounter.
- Define the specific question of interest to search efficiently for these studies, and critically appraise the article for application to practice.
- Demonstrate strategies to increase their wealth of clinical knowledge, by bringing the best scientific information into any clinical encounter, to satisfy the patients’ desires and preferences.